Guard vs Reserve. While National Guard is used to face a national disaster in a state, Army Reserve is pressed at international borders when activated. I was active duty Army infantry and after I ETS'd I went Army National Guard. The first is reporting location. The only other notable difference is in the benefits. It is clear that Army Reserve consists of troops that are federal in nature and serve as reserves to the national army, while National Guard are troops of the state and work close to home. The Army Reserves cannot be called upon by the state. Your career when you return to the civilian ranks is one of the most important … While this is true, the National Guard also serves their country and can be called into active duty to serve in their state or abroad. When in peacetime and under a state mission, Guardsmen answer to the leadership (generally the state governor) in their area. Joining the Reserve is similar to joining the National Guard in that each branch of service has its own benefits and requirements for becoming an Reservist-no two Reserve programs are exactly alike. Currently in the Reserves and curious how different the Guard is, if at all. For juniors in high school, the National Guard has a program called Split Option Program that allows individuals to take Basic Training during the summer before senior year and then finish training after they complete high school. Continue reading for more information on both, and 5 ways they are different. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard make up the Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces. In addition, the … All wear the uniform of their respective service. Reservists are military personnel who serve on a part-time basis. As of 2017, the combined total of active-duty personnel was about 1.3 million, with an additional 80,000 people in the National Guard and reserves. Related Article – National Guard Tattoo Policy For 2020. New recruits without prior military experience must attend basic military training, regardless of whether they are joining the reserves or the guard. What Do I Need to Go From a National Guard E-3 to E-4? Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The National Guard has a projected strength of over 340,000 soldiers. The Army Reserves is comprised of mostly part-time soldiers who complete the training and requirements specified by their MOS, while still holding a civilian job or attending school. Difference between Guard and Reserves: Guard = State Mission that can be called to both state and federal missions, depending on the orders. How Long Would You Have to Stay in the National Guard? So, I learned that the Army Reserves is NOT allowed to be activated for local emergencies. The second factor to consider is to ascertain which option offers the chance to work in a particular job or field, as not all units offer identical jobs or have simultaneous vacancies. Reserves members work one weekend a month, completing drills, and two weeks a year for training. While most eligibility requirements to join the Army Reserves or National Guard are similar, there are a couple of differences that may have an impact on whether you join the Reserves or National Guard. Lastly, the individual should consider any special benefits offered on the state level for guard members to determine whether the match between the individual’s needs and the state benefits is relevant. Inactive National Guard. The Army Reserves offers more career choices for the individual soldier. My Guard unit was comprised of roughly 90% former active duty Army and Marines. In every country there is a reserve component for its armed forces. Training commands include units responsible for the training of all soldiers. Although reserves members may help out with humanitarian efforts, their responsibilities do not include helping the state with natural disasters or other domestic emergencies like the National Guard can. The Army’s website lists over 200 occupations available to reserve members. Air National Guard is a community-based separate reserve component of the United States Air Force administered by the National Guard Bureau – a joint bureau of the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force. Your Civilian Career. Guard vs Reserve. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. The National Guard has similar command units, but their mission is different. The Army Reserve is a component of the US Army. I understand that many folks do not live in/near fleet concentration areas, but we are not the size of the National Guard (roughly 5-6 times larger than the Reserve). Copyright © 2020 www.OperationMilitaryKids.org. Like reservists, guard personnel commit to serving one weekend each month and two weeks each year. Reservists normally work alongside their active-duty counterparts when fulfilling their service commitment of one weekend per month and two weeks per year, usually during the summer. They assist with floods, fires, tornadoes, snowstorms, hurricanes, or any other domestic emergency. Guard units are organized on the state level, and the governor can call them to service in response to civil riots or natural disasters. Members generally attend drill near their home and receive benefits and pay from the Army. Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed. The most unique aspect of the Air National Guard is that it exists as both a federal and state force. Posted by. 5 Size. Archived. 3D0X4 turnt 1B4X1. Both the Reserves and the National Guard offer roughly the same training to their soldiers. Reserves = Federal Mission. How Long After I Get Out of the Military Do I Have to Go in the Reserves? The Army reserve accounts for almost half of the Army’s total maneuver support and ultimately saves money. Related Article: 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. Support commands will provide base operations, personnel support, logistics support, administrative support, retention and liaison support. They can be called upon to full-time reserves where they can be deployed or stationed in the U.S., depending on the needs of the Army. Some states offer tuition assistance opportunities that are unique to that state. National Guard members can hold a civilian job, stay close to their families, and complete drill near their home all while receiving Army pay and benefits. 2 years ago. He studied electrical engineering after a tour of duty in the military, then became a freelance computer programmer for several years before settling on a career as a writer. Some functional commands include Army Reserve Medical, 9th Mission Support, and 7th Civil Support. The National Guard is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 35. What Are the Duties of the Executive Branch? Period. Operational commands can be deployed as individual units, headquarters, or both. This may be in times of war, in a national emergency, or as the need occurs based on threats to national security. The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options. In addition to having the same drill requirements, members of both guard components and all five reserve components have other similarities. Check with a recruiter in your state to find more information on possible opportunities. The National Guard works under the state and they can actually assist civilian police forces. For anyone that has experience in the ANG and Reserve, what are the key differences other than reporting to the Governor vs POTUS? and serve under the Department of Defense. Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. Advertiser Disclosure: This site may be compensated through the advertiser affiliate program (at no cost to you). Also, because there are more positions and needs that are specific to that state, there could be more opportunities for recruiting bonuses that are not offered through the standard federal enlistment. Job categories include administration, intelligence, and combat support, arts and media, legal and law enforcement, combat, mechanics, computers and technology, medical and emergency, construction and engineering, and transportation and aviation. Related Article: 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans. The United States National Guard is part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force.It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations. Plus I forgot an learned some things. Working in the National Guard may offer more jobs because it is larger than the Reserves, but promotions may be limited and the type of MOS you can enter into may be limited. Guardsman can be called upon by both the state governor and the President of the United States. The National Guard has a total of 54 separate organizations; one for each of the 50 states and the one for the territories of Guam, Virgin … They respond to local emergencies and disasters, serve in overseas combat missions and assist in counter-drug operations and reconstruction missions. While both the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserves may be called upon to enter combat, the reserves will typically be activated before the national guard troops. Air National Guard A reserve component of the Air Force that requires members to attend drill weekend once a month and active duty training two weeks each year. They include units such as the 3rd Medical, 200th Military Police, 11th Aviation and more. Army National Guard is an essential element to the U.S. Military, protecting communities across the U.S. while serving part-time. Guardsmen are just as likely to be deployed locally as they are federally. Both the Army Reserves and the National Guard offer low-cost health insurance options through Tricare. Related Article – Air Force Reserve Benefits. Both the guard and reserve members can be activated or mobilized to support federal military actions abroad. Many people think of guards and reserves as same because of same uniform. The U.S. Coast Guard is under the control of the Department of Homeland Security, while the other four branches report to the Department of Defense. Guardsmen under the federal mission have an obligation to serve their country and may be deployed to any location that requires it. Members typically report to locations near their homes, allowing them to commute to drills rather than move. Whether you choose to enter into the Army Reserves or Army National Guard, you can be certain that you are providing a service to your country, gaining valuable skills and will be taken care of with benefits and retirement. Air Guard may have a job you want to train into that's not available with the reserve unit. Learn more about the similarities and differences between the Army Reserves and Army National Guard, and find out which one is right for you. Personnel in the National Guard assist in their home state in addition to meeting the needs of the country, serving locally and abroad. Military Reserves or National Guard has a wage GINI of 0.389, which is less than than the national average of 0.479. The Army Reserve consists of mostly part-time soldiers who can be activated into full-time reserve positions in support of operations. The Army Reserves commands include Operational command, Functional Command, Support, and Training. This is a status used only by the Army National Guard. Jeffrey Joyner has had numerous articles published on the Internet covering a wide range of topics. We may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site. Only the Army and the Air Force have guard components, the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. Air Guard offers benefits that the AF reserve doesn't. In reserves you can be activated individually I believe to augment another unit. For example, Oklahoma and Alabama pay the full tuition for its Air National Guard members who attend a state university or college. Both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard have commands that include medical, legal, police, etc. A guard component may be nearer home than a reserve duty station, or the opposite may be true. Your Commitment: 1 Weekend a Month, Two Weeks a Year. National Guard In contrast to the military reserves having several branches to choose from, it is worth noting there are only two components of the National Guard – the Air National Guard … They make up 39% of the Army’s Operational Force. In US, this component is referred to as National Guards and the Reserve. Personnel in the Army Reserves can work in the majority of career fields that are open to enlisted members. 3 3. Guard usually has better education benefits. All Rights Reserved. While the Army Reserve offers occupations and commands similar to its active duty counterpart, the Army Reserve has Theater engineer commands, Civil Affairs commands, and medical minimal care detachments that are distinct to reserves. This is because they are complete mobilized units and can be used in deployment areas, as additional support in fields that are in high demand when deployed, have careers unique to the reserves and they fill domestic positions when individuals are deployed. The Army Reserves falls under Title 10 of the U.S. Code while the National Guard falls under Title 32. All members of the same rank and years of service receive the same pay, which is based on active-duty pay prorated to reflect their part-time service. They have an obligation and mission to both the state and the federal government. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. 8 1 18. The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. You can join the reserves without prior military experience and without ever serving on active-duty status, or you can transition to the reserves after serving in the military. What It Takes; How to Join; Basic Training; Prior Service; Fitness Calculator The National Guard is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 35. Their vision is, “The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.”. Air Guard units perform both a state and federal mission, so members receive both federal and state-specific benefits. Active duty Soldiers are part of the Army 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Both the National Guard and the reserves offer to teach those who enlist useful skills, and to assign soldiers to tasks and jobs they show an aptitude for. National Guard or Reserve member covered by part-time SGLI who incurred a disability or aggravated a pre-existing disability while performing inactive duty training or traveling to/from duty, OR; Member of the Individual Ready Reserve or Inactive National Guard; You … Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization. Weekend drills can be anywhere from 1-4 days long, depending on what is going on, what is needed and even the budget. The United States Armed Forces are comprised of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard. On the battlefield, being able to deploy combat-ready units as quickly as possible can make a large impact on the mission. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Military Reserves or National Guard (shown in red) in comparison to the national average for those wage buckets (shown in gray). The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. The independent Commission on the National Guard and Reserves, chartered by Congress in 2005, submitted its third and final report on January … How To Choose The Right Military Branch For You, Army Reserves Vs. Army National Guard: 5 Key Differences, Military Reserves: Details on all 5 Branches of the Reserves, 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans, National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. Intuit TurboTax: Is the Okahoma National Guard Pay Exemption Gone? Related Article: Does The National Guard Pay For College? The Army reserve has an authorized strength of 199,000 soldiers, 11,000 civilians, and 2,075 units. When Can a Retired National Guard Begin Retirement Pay? Army Reserve Soldiers serve part-time, and are able to work a civilian career, go to school and live where they want. The Army Reserve holds fully deployable units and soldiers that may be activated to full-time duty to support specialized capabilities or replace soldiers in high demand areas who have been deployed. Are UTAs essentially the same? The National Guard is seen as having more responsibilities than other forces because they answer to both the governor and the President. Functional commands can command units with similar capabilities and can deploy as units. State missions are what they are most known for and are when Guardsmen help with their communities. However, this is not true though both happen to … Here’s the gist of it if you don’t want to see me ramble on. For example, a lot of Air Guard units offer 100% tuition for in-state colleges. Individuals work one weekend a month plus train two weeks a year. They allow you to work one weekend a month plus two weeks of training a year. When you consider missions with "kill chain" implications there are very distinct differences between the Air Force Reserve … The Army Reserves provides the critical early entry and set the theater capabilities that are crucial to the nation’s defense and opening of major operations. When most people think of the National Guard they think of assistance during natural disasters. All five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces have reserve components. The Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard are the two components of the Air Force which make up the Total Force. Although there are many similarities between the National Guard and reserves, there are significant differences. Guard you will generally be activated with your unit. National Guard vs Army Reserves vs Active Duty National Guard is also reserved army force just like Army reserved force. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Military Careers – Work Environment, U.S. Air Force Reserve: Frequently Asked Questions, Army National Guard: Basic Combat Training, Air National Guard: Serving: Drill Weekends, Governing.com: Military Active-Duty Personnel, Civilians by State, WVTM 13: New Law Pays Full Tuition for Alabama National Guard Members. Guard members may train alongside active-duty personnel, particularly during their two-week exercises, or they may spend a drill weekend training as a separate unit. © 2020 United States National Guard ELIGIBILITY. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard are two components of the Army. Army Reserve is comprised of operational, functional, support and training commands that work together to provide a reserve fighting force. They are considered the Commanders in Chief, of which the Adjutants General answers to. Their responsibilities vary based on state and federal missions. The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard have quite a few similarities that can make it challenging to determine which is the best fit for you. Your email address will not be published. From a daily operational viewpoint, there are distinct differences between the ANG, established in 1903 by the "Militia Act" and the AF Federal Reserve, established in 1948 by Congress. Because the National Guard serves dual-purpose, its command structure differs from the Army Reserves. If they offer the same schedule and allow individuals to work near home, you may be wondering what exactly is the Army Reserves Vs. National Guard, and what is the difference? The president has the power to federalize guard troops, if needed, but a governor has no control over reserve units. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard each present unique opportunities to individuals who want to serve their country without making a full-time commitment. Both offer part-time positions, allowing individuals to serve their country with as little time away from their family as possible. Army Reserve members have different requirements than Air Force Reservists, for example, and you may find that some branches of service have smaller Reserve “footprints” than others. Close. The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. What Was Your Primary Reason For Joining The Military. The state can mobilize National Guard units for domestic use and the President can mobilize National Guard units for national emergencies. The service commitment for the Guard and Reserves is often referred to as a “one weekend a month, two weeks a year.” Army Reserves has fully deployable units that depending on the command, can deploy as units or headquarters. The Army National Guard includes Command and Control Headquarters, Special Forces Groups, Brigade Combat Teams, Multi-functional Support Brigades, Functional Support Brigades, and Groups and MTOE Battalions. Individuals typically weigh three factors when choosing between the guard or the reserves. The purpose of the Reserve is to provide and maintain trained units and qualified persons to be available for active duty in the armed forces when needed. Below you will find five differences that can have an impact on your decision. The Army Reserves requires a high school diploma, GED, or college credits. Required fields are marked *. Most career options are part-time but there are full-time and civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard. references. However, because the National Guard serves the state, there are additional opportunities for education tuition assistance and bonuses. Also, the National Guard has more combat and support positions, while the Reserves has mostly support positions. if your state offers state benefits then you get what a reservist would get plus the state benefits. They are found in every state, five U.S. territories, and 30 countries for a total of 20% of the Army’s units. Army Reserves members under Title 10 can be promoted to vacant positions that are federally available. Guardspeople and Reservists play a critical role in national defense, while also receiving part-time service, pay and benefits. The Army Reserve and the National Guard might seem similar at first, but the more you know, you'll discover that they are really quite different! Each branch of the military has a Reserve component and the Reserve are under the command of their respective military branch (e.g., Army Reserve are under the command of the Army). When considering whether to enter into the Army National Guard or Reserves, it is important to consider how promotions work. The Air National Guard has fewer individuals in it than the Air Force Reserves currently do. Army Reserves is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 34. The National Guard answers to the state and federal government, while the Reserves does not. The most important thing to remember when comparing the National Guard and Army Reserve is that the National Guard is a "dual service," with … Related Article – Marine Corps Reserve Benefits. However, the difference is only that National Guards are fulltime duty persons and can be called to perform federal tasks in case of having no false law and order situation in the country. Related Article – Navy Reserve Benefits. The largest difference between the two lies with the command and jobs. Related Article: National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. The Army National Guard is part of the US Army and comprised of mostly part-time soldiers (called Guardsmen) who serve both the state and the country. 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. Related Article – Military Reserves: Details on all 5 Branches of the Reserves. The Guard still works to fulfill the military’s needs by being trained, equipped, and ready for mobilization whenever needed. See our advertising policy here. What Are My Chances of Getting Deployed If I Join the National Guard. Another difference is the education requirement. The guard listens to state governor and president. The Guard’s mission is the State and having a drill center on every corner makes sense. Both the Reserves and National Guard allow individuals to work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving in their MOS. Guard is state and federal mission. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics. 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